A current look at the factors influencing face variability


  • Monika Łącka Chair and Clinic of Maxillofacial Orthopaedics and Orthodontics, Facial Aesthetics Laboratory, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9163-3783
  • Teresa Matthews‑Brzozowska Chair and Clinic of Maxillofacial Orthopaedics and Orthodontics, Facial Aesthetics Laboratory, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7127-6018




face perception, beauty canons, proportions, gender, race, aging


The aesthetic perception of a face is multifactorial. The researchers most often focus on its proportions in terms of historical beauty canons, anthropological intercultural gender and race differences, and a multi‑faceted approach to aging, also at the molecular level. This multifaceted nature is the result of both individual and holistic perception of the phenomenon of beauty, which as a visual aspect is susceptible to optical illusions and cultural definition.


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How to Cite

Łącka M, Matthews‑Brzozowska T. A current look at the factors influencing face variability. JoFA [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 May 27];4(2):128-34. Available from: https://jofa.ump.edu.pl/index.php/jofa/article/view/50



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